Sex reassignment surgery SRS , also known as gender reassignment surgery GRS and several other names, is a surgical procedure or procedures by which a transgender person's physical appearance and function of their existing sexual characteristics are altered to resemble those socially associated with their identified gender. It is part of a treatment for gender dysphoria in transgender people. Professional medical organizations have established Standards of Care that apply before someone can apply for and receive reassignment surgery, including psychological evaluation, and a period of real-life experience living in the desired gender. Feminization surgeries are surgeries that result in anatomy that is typically gendered female.
Hopkins Hospital: a history of sex reassignment
Sex reassignment surgery (male-to-female) - Wikipedia
An estimated 1. And, today, the topic of transgender health care is more widely discussed than ever before. Despite this, lost in the shuffle between conversations about equal access to bathrooms and popular culture icons is the history of a piece of modern medicine that should no longer remain so elusive. To be willing to embrace the future of this pivotal area of healthcare, it is imperative to understand the piecemeal roots and evolution of transgender medicine. Going against the grain, Hirschfeld was one of the first to offer his patients the means to achieve sex change, either through hormone therapy, sex change operations, or both. The institute's most famous patient was arguably Danish painter Lili Elbe born Einar Wegener whose life story has been fictionalized in the popular film The Danish Girl. Starting in , Elbe had five surgeries performed as part of her male-to-female transition.
Recalling the First Sex Change Operation in History: A German-Israeli Insurance Salesman
The dark and troubling history of the contemporary transgender movement, with its enthusiastic approval of gender-reassignment surgery, has left a trail of misery in its wake. Bruce Jenner and Diane Sawyer could benefit from a history lesson. The surgery fixed nothing—it only masked and exacerbated deeper psychological problems.
In , the Hopkins Hospital became the first academic institution in the United States to perform sex reassignment surgeries. Now also known by names like genital reconstruction surgery and sex realignment surgery, the procedures were perceived as radical and attracted attention from The New York Times and tabloids alike. But they were conducted for experimental, not political, reasons. Regardless, as the first place in the country where doctors and researchers could go to learn about sex reassignment surgery, Hopkins became the model for other institutions. But in , Hopkins stopped performing the surgeries and never resumed.